Pisqa’ 113

Pisqa’ 1131


“You may dun the foreigner” (Dt.15:3)—

this is a prescriptive commandment.

“But that which is due you from your brother’s hand, you must release” (Dt.15:3)—

but not that of your brother’s which is in your hand.

On this basis you say:

one who extends a loan on the basis of collateral—

[the loan] is not released [in the Sabbatical year]. 2

“From your brother’s hand, you must release” (Dt.15:3)—

but not one who deposits his bills of indebtedness with the court.3


On this basis they taught:

Hillel established the prozbul4

for the sake of an orderly world.

When he saw that

people refrained from lending to each other

[since the Release-year cancelled all debts,]

thereby transgressing what is written in the Torah (Dt.15:9)—

he rose up and established the prozbul.

This is the text of the prozbul: 

I hereby transmit to you, O judges

So-and-so and So-and-so,

who are in Such-and-such a place,

all the debts due me,

so that I might collect them

whenever I wish.

And the judges sign at the bottom—

or the witnesses.5

  1. H:160; JN1:286.
  2. //T. Shev. 8:5.
  3. //M. Shev.10:2.
  4. =M. Git. 4:3. The remainder of Pisqa’ 113= M. Shev.10:3-4.
  5. =M. Shev. 10:3-4.