“Or a charm-trafficker”2 (Dt.18:11).
All the same
is a trafficker in many charms
and a trafficker in a few.
All the same is a snake-charmer
and a scorpion-charmer.
“Or a spirit-medium”3(Dt.18:11)—
this is a ventriloquist who makes
[the dead seem]
to speak from his armpit.
“Or a familiar-spirit”4 (Dt.18:11)—
this one speaks through his own mouth.
The practitioners themselves are sentenced to stoning,
and those who consult them are forewarned.5
“Or a petitioner of the dead”6 (Dt.18:11).
All the same is
[the rule regarding]
one who conjures through a necromantic apparition7
and one who petitions a skull.
What is the difference between [the results of]
conjuring through a necromantic apparition
and petitioning a skull?
The one who conjures a necromantic apparition—
[the ghost] does not reliably arise,
and accepts no petitions on the Sabbath.
But the one who petitions a skull—
[the ghost] reliably arises,
and accepts petitions on the Sabbath.
- H:200-201; JN2:49.
- Heb: khover khaver.
- [iii] Heb: sho’el ‘ov. So the text of Scripture and Sifre. The mishnaic parallel at M. San.7:7 employs the rabbinic synonym, ba`al ‘ov.
- [iv] Heb: yid`oni
- //M. San.7:7 and Sifra, qedoshim, per.7:10.
- Heb: doresh ‘el hameitim.
- So Jastrow, p. 398, s.v. zechuru. H:201 translates: “by divination”; JN2:49: “through his penis.” See Rashi, B. San. 65b, s.v., zachrut.