“To be his wife, but now he hates her;
moreover, he has leveled scandalous charges against her, saying:
I have found no signs of maidenhood in your daughter!
But here is proof of my daughter’s maidenhood!” (Dt.22:16-17)—
that is, here are witnesses to impugn this guy’s witnesses!
R. Judah says:
He is never obliged
[under this rule to indemnify the father]
unless he has in fact mounted her
[before leveling his charge].
“Then the father of the young lady shall say to the elders” (Dt.22:16)—
this teaches that the plaintiff is the first to present his case.
“If a man is found to have bedded a woman who has been mounted by her husband” (Dt.22:22)—
R. Ishmael says:
The verse comes to teach you about
a [childless, widowed] sister-in-law
[awaiting her levir’s decision
to marry her or to release her from marriage to him]:
One consorting with her [after her husband’s death]
is not liable under the rule
[against mounting a married woman]
until she is actually mounted.2