“Fathers shall not be put to death by reason of the sons” (Dt.24:16).
Now, what is the verse trying to teach us—
that father’s shall not be put to death
because of the [deeds of their] sons,
nor sons because of their fathers?
But isn’t it already stated [in this very verse]:
“A person shall die for his own sin” (Dt.24:16)?
Actually, [the point us that]
fathers shall not be put to death
on the testimony of their sons,
nor sons on the testimony of their fathers.
When He states:
“Nor sons” (Dt.24:16)—
this is to excuse close relatives
[from testifying against each other].
Now, who are considered close relatives?
His brother, and his paternal uncle,
and his maternal uncle,
and his paternal brother-in-law
and his maternal brother-in-law,
and his aunt’s husband,
and his mother’s husband,
and his father-in-law,
and his brother-in-law.2
“A person shall die for his own sin” (Dt.24:26)—
fathers shall die for their own transgression,
and sons shall die for their own transgression.