Pisqa’ 50

Pisqa’ 501


“Then HASHEM will disinherit” (Dt.11:23)—

HASHEM may disinherit,

but flesh and blood can not disinherit.

“All those nations” (Dt.11:23)—

shall I infer the obvious meaning?

The Teaching states:

“All those”—

I might infer that the verse refers only to those [nations ].

How do we know to include their henchmen?

The Teaching states:

“All those nations from before you”—

as you gradually increase,

they will gradually decrease.

And, similarly, He says:

Little by little I will expel them from before you” (Ex.23:30).

And He says:

“I will not expel them from before you in a year,

lest the Land grow barren, and beasts of the field outnumber you” (Ex.23:29):

the words of R. Jacob.

R. Elazar b. Azariah said to him:

Or [perhaps, you might reason as follows]—

since Israel is [among the] Righteous,

why are they afraid of beasts?

Being [among the] Righteous,

they should not be afraid of beasts!

And, indeed, He says:

“The beasts of the field shall be at peace with you” (Job5:23).2

Do you wonder why Joshua

labored so hard to conquer the Land?

Only because Israel sinned!

Therefore, He decreed upon them:

Little by little will I expel them from before you” (Ex.23:30).


“And you shall disinherit nations greater and mightier than you” (Dt.11:23)—

greater in stature and

mightier in strength!

Than you

you, too, are great and mighty,

but they are even greater and mightier than you.

R. Eliezer b. Jacob says:

An analogy—

a person says:

So-and-so is valiant,

and this other guy is also valiant,

but, the former is still more valiant than he!

Another word:

Than you” (Dt.11:23)—

again, why is this mentioned?

Isn’t it already stated:

“Seven nations, greater and mightier than you” (Dt.7:1)?

What does the Teaching add with than you?

It teaches that,

compared to all Israel,

[even] one of the seven [Canaanite] nations

was greater and harsher.

And, similarly, He says:

“I destroyed the Amorite from before you,

whose height was the height of cedars

and who was mighty as the oaks” (Am.2:9).

  1. H:106-107; JN1:166-167.
  2. F:115, l. 12-13 cites only the first clause of the verse, which obscures the point.