“Some . . . men went out” (Dt.13:14)—
[the tempters] must be men, but not women.
they must be adults, and not children.
the plural, men, indicates
not less than two tempters. 2
“Some rebellious (bli`al) men” (Dt.13:14)—
without any restraint (bli `ol).
that is, people who have
thrown off the yoke of the All-Present.3
“From among you” (Dt.13:14)—
but not from unprotected border-lands.4
“And have led astray the residents of their city” (Dt.13:14)—
but not the residents of another city.
[despite] having been cautioned against it,5
“Let us go and serve other gods which you have not known!
Then you shall seek out the truth, and investigate, and inquire diligently” (Dt.13:14-15).
Inferring from what is stated elsewhere:
“If it is reported to you, and you have heard it, then you shall seek out diligently” (Dt.17:4)—
diligently occurs here (Dt.13:15)
and diligently occurs elsewhere (Dt.17:4),
permitting an analogical inference.
It teaches that
On what basis do I know that
[there is a formal procedure of] probing?
The Teaching states:
“And, indeed, the report is true and well-founded” (Dt.13:15)—
[necessitating a thorough probe].
But if we are eventually
going to include probings, (bediqot)
what is the point of the Teaching
that mentions investigations (khaqirot; Dt.13:15)?
Investigations implies that
if one witness [of two] testified: “I don’t know”—
the their testimony is nullified.
Probings implies that
if one witness testified: “I don’t know”—
and even if two testified: “we don’t know”—
their testimony is sustained.
Investigations and probings are alike
in that, when they are in conflict,
their testimony is nullified.
“That this abomination was done among you” (Dt.13:15)—
including the participation of converts and freed [Hebrew] slaves.8
- H:141-142; JN1:246-247.
- Cf. T.San.14:2
- Cf. Pisqa’ 117.1.
- //T. San.14:1.
- Cf. M. San.10:4; Sifre Nu.113.
- According to a baraita quoted at Y. San. 5:1, 22c the total of seven is arrived at by adding the procedures enumerated at Dt. 13:15: seek out, investigate, inquire, diligently, true, well-founded, the matter.
- //M.San.5:1.These investigations concern the date and circumstances of the crime:The witness must be able to identify the sabbatical cycle within the Jubilee, the year of the seven-year cycle, the month, the day of the month, the day of the week, the time of day, and the place.
- Cf. Pisqa’ 149.1